Binnatova Shalala Bahlul gizi
Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy. Ganja State University, Azerbaijan
The article is devoted to the problem of formation of geometric knowledge and skills in young schoolchildren. This article provides students with opportunities to study the properties of plane figures, to form spatial ideas and to apply the acquired knowledge, to develop students' measurement and graphic skills, to determine the prototypes of geometric figures in life, to get acquainted with the units of measurement of geometric quantities. From the point of view of the existing educational program (curriculum), special attention is paid to the teaching of geometric material in the mathematics content course of primary school with a new content. In this regard, the relevance of the topic is justified. The scientific article gives various types of tasks related to the perception of figures to strengthen and clarify geometric knowledge. The author shows the main elements of the figures and explains the identification of similarities of these figures in the surrounding world. For this purpose, the article explains in detail the study of elements and properties of fabric, broken line, angle and polygon. Concrete examples from mathematics textbooks are analyzed.
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